Tuesday, 27 July 2021 00:00

The Function of the Achilles Tendon

The Achilles tendon is located in the calf area and connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. When an injury occurs it can cause a rupture or tear of the tendon, and this can be quite painful. It can happen as a result of suddenly turning, and is common among people who occasionally participate in sporting activities. The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body and plays an important role in walking, running, and pointing and flexing the foot. Many patients who have endured this type of injury can experience difficulty in pointing their toes downward, and the calf may become swollen and bruised as well. If you have pain in the heel or calf area it is suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can properly treat an Achilles tendon injury. 

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Mark Hupart, DPM of Southside Podiatry . Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Brooklyn, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What are Achilles Tendon Injuries

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